All praises due to Allah and May His peace and blessings be upon the Last and Final Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and companions. Herein I have only mentioned those reports which are authentically established and if there is any considerable defect in Isnad then I have pointed it out.
He was born around the year 38 AH. It is said that she was the princess of Persia, the daughter of Yezdgerd. According to others, her name was Ghazalah. And Jabir died in the year 78 AH. That is why great scholars of hadith have narrated from him.
That is why we see their opinions being narrated and quoted in books written on the disagreement of Jurists.
He would often pray until his nose would hurt. When Ali bin Husain died they lacked that which they used to receive at night. Hafiz Dhahabi adds: This is why he would show misery with money because he used to spend it secretly. His household would think that he stores money. So he Muhammad started crying. Accidently the jug slipped from her hands and fell on his face causing his face to be injured.
He raised his sight towards her in anger. She recited Those who restrain anger. She then recited …who pardon people. She further recited …And Allah loves the doer of good. It was during this incident the famous poet Farazdaq said the following couplets. Hafiz Mughaltay has denied that these couplets were said regarding Zain al-Aabideen but his argument for such a claim are not strong enough to accept according to me.
This poem is present with different additions and subtraction but I have translated only the portion quoted by Hafiz Dhahabi in his Siyar. Here are the couplets with translation:. This is one whom the earth knows well his footsteps. The House, the permitted and the sacred lands know him as well. He is the Pious, the pure, the chaste and the icon.His is the saddest story of all time. It was at that time that the father transferred the mantle of Imamate, the spiritual guidance, to his son to lead the Muslim Ummah towards the Right Path.
He was born in Madina some 22 years ago, on 5th Shabaan 38 year of Hijra.
In some history books his date of birth is shown as 15th Jamadiul Awwal 38 AH. She was taken prisoner when Muslim armies conquered Persia. After that the whole family of the Prophet returned to live in Madina. People knew they were the grand sons of the Holy Prophet and followed them by their hearts but outwardly because of the fear of the Ummayad ruler in Damascus, there was very little following of the Ahlul Bayt of the Prophet.
His life and with that the line of descendants of Husayn as survived because the Imamate had to go on. He became the 4th Imam on the 10th of Muharram 61 Hijri. He was taken captive and was brought to Kufa and then to Damascus in chains.
In spite of his illness and humiliating position in front of Yazid the Ummayad ruler, when Yazid addressed him in an insulting manner saying that his father wasted his life by refusing to give the oath of allegiance to Yazid, Imam replied, it was to save Islam.
They were wondering how Islam was saved. People would have forgotten the name of Muhammad as the Messenger of Allah if his grandson would not have shown the world that you were a ruler by default. Yazid ordered his swordsman to kill this young man, but by the intervention of his aunt Zainab his life was spared. He remained in prison for one year with the whole family.
There was turmoil in all parts of the Islamic empire on this brutal killing. In the end Yazid was afraid that if he kept the family of the Prophet in prison any longer, he will lose his kingdom. So he sent orders to bring the family before him and told him that he was releasing them.
He also asked what they wish to do now. Yazid agreed and the first Majlis was held in Damascus. The message of Husayn as was spreading from town to town and from country to country. The whole family then returned to Madina except the wife of Imam Husayn as. Her name was Umme Rabab. She said that she would not return back home, for her home was here where her husband lay buried.
Having being released from confinement in Damascus, Imam came to live in Madina with his family and to lead a quiet life. But the city was in revolt against the cruel regime of Yazid. Many tried to persuade the Imam to join them, but Imam knew their unreliability and he declined.
For three continuous days these beasts from Damascus ravaged the city and destroyed it. Imam had so much control over his emotions that he kept quiet.This text, the first comprehensive book on the life of the Imam in English, gives you a brief idea about Imam as-Sajjad along with his supplications and his works. Skip to main content. Baqir Sharif al-Qurashi. Jasim al-Rasheed. Ansariyan Publications - Qum. Al-Mubarrad B. Ibn Shadqam C. Al-Sajjad 5. Al-Zaki 6.
Al-Amin 7. His Honoring the Poor B. He gave his Garments as Alms B. He gave as Alms what He loved C. His Seeking Asylum with Allah 2. His Fleeing to Allah 3.Lol spectate not working 2020
His Seeking Needs from Allah 4. His Pleading and Humbleness to Allah 5. His Telling of the Martyrdom of Zayd 2. Jabir al-Ansari 2. Al-Zuhri 5. Zayd bin Aslam 6. Hammad bin Zayd 7.
Malik 9. Imam al-Sadiq Al-Farazdaq Al-Himyari Ibn Shahab Ibn Zayd The Historians 1. Ibn Hajar al-Haythami 5. Al-Dhahabi 6. Al-Waqidi Safi al-Din Al-Nawawi Islamic expansion was continuing and most Persian territories were under the domain of Islam. The Persian emperor, Yazdajird, was escaping the advancing Muslim armies in the northeastern part of Persia. Having lost the support of his armed forces, he was escaping by himself. Tired and exhausted, the unkempt but well dressed Yazdajird came to a farm and requested to stay for the night.
The farmer, eyeing the jewels of the guest, agreed, but during the night he murdered Yazdajird to get the jewels. Yazdajird's daughter, Shahr Banu, along with her sister were brought to Medina as captives. The ladies, being raised in a house of royalty, were a product of high culture and royal dignity.
Al-Mufeed, Vol. Also A'alaamul Wara Page The baby had many of the charming looks of his grandfather Imam Ali a. Unfortunately, however, Shahr Banu was very sick following the delivery and she died within a few days. Baby Ali, later called Zainul Abideen, was two years old when his grandfather Imam Ali was assassinated.
The event was an immense tragedy to the Islamic Ummah for after the assassination of Imam Ali, Benu Umayya took advantage of the circumstance. Benu Umayya were a greedy, worldly, and very materialistic clan. Their aspiration was to rule over the huge Islamic nation in their own way, hardly paying heed to the strict Islamic Directives. There they were surrounded by many relatives and the loved ones, all caring for the young child and giving him much attention.
As Zainul Abideen grew up he was given a tremendous amount of Islamic knowledge. In Medina Zainul Abideen was also surrounded by members of Benu Hashim, who were people of great Islamic learning, but the family of Ahlul Bayt tutored him the most. Zainul Abideen's mind was very receptive. Not only did he learn the Holy Quran at an early age, but he quickly learned the numerous Hadiths which were narrated to him by his family. This was soon followed by Tafseer and Ah'kaam. At an early age, Zainul Abideen was busily absorbing the Islamic information at a rapid rate.
As the youthful Zainul Abideen absorbed this vast knowledge, his character was simultaneously being shaped by this Islamic information. He saw that his father, uncle, brothers, sisters and others were very dedicated to Islam and that their characters were molded by Islam, this all had a very powerful influence on him.
Therefore, Zainul Abideen reached the high plane of Islamic righteousness early in life. It became the norm for him. Zainul Abideen was of average stature with complexion tending toward tawny color. He was lean and slender, handsome, and impressive. Noor al-Absaar Page Also Akhbaar al-Duwal Page He was neat in his dress, and his gait was firm and sturdy.
Upon meeting and talking to him a person could not help but hold him with the highest regard—his demeanor and conduct were very compelling. As Zainul Abideen grew older he learned much about the background and the compulsion to hold power over the Islamic Ummah by Benu Umayya as headed then by Mu'awiya.
Zainul Abideen learned first hand.
Treatise On Rights (Risalat al-Huquq)
My object was simply to rule you subjugate you and become your RulerGhiyas-ud-Din Zain-ul-Abidin reigned: — and —  was the eighth sultan of Kashmir. He was known by his subjects as Bud Shah the Great King. The first thirty-five years of his reign are described by Jonaraja in the Rajatarangini Dvitiyawhile the subsequent years are described by Jonaraja's pupil, Srivarain the Rajatarangini Tritiya.
Shahi Khan, a son of Sultan Sikander the ruler of Kashmir, was charged with the rule of the kingdom of Kashmir when his elder brother, Ali Shah, left the kingdom on a pilgrimage to Mecca. Although a religious man, Ali Shah was weak-willed and his desire to attain Mecca buckled under descriptions of the arduous journey ahead.
He abandoned his pilgrimage when he arrived at the court of his father-in-law, the king of Jammuand raised an army consisting of soldiers from Jammu and Rajauri in order to regain his throne. The ancient texts vary regarding why it was that Zain-ul-Abidin relinquished his recently acquired status without a fight but there is no disagreement that this is in fact what happened.
Ali Shah became angered when this support was forthcoming and he rashly set out with his army to challenge Khokar. The forces met at Thanna and Khokhar defeated the challenger, who had ignored the advice of his father-in-law to hold back until the Jammu army could join him.
Zain-ul-Abidin was then able to return to the capital city of Srinagarwhere he was welcomed by his subjects. The fate of Ali Shah is uncertain: he may have died in captivity or have been put to death by Khokhar. Although fundamentally a peaceful man, Zain-ul-Abidin was protective of his territory.Pyqt5 fullscreen
He raised and led an army to stabilise the fractious areas of Ladakh and Baltistan which had originally been conquered by his grandfather, Shihabu'd-Dinand then had become independent on his death until Sikander reasserted control. With the arrival of Ali Shah on the throne, the territories had once again begun to assert their independence and Zain-ul-Abidin recognised that they had an economic and strategic significance which entailed that they could not be allowed to secede.
Similarly, he regained control of Ohindthe chief of which had been overcome by Sikander but had then announced independence during the period of rule by Ali Shah.
He was on friendly terms with regard to the rulers of territories over which he inherited no historic control. The ancient records indicate that he gave and received presents to, and also exchanged embassies with, those who governed over Egypt, GwaliorMeccaBengalSindhGujarat and elsewhere. Many of the gifts demonstrated the cultured nature of Zain-ul-Abidin; they included works about music, manuscripts and people who were scholars, the latter being sent to him when he commented that an original gift of precious stones was of less interest to him than a gift of a learned nature would have been.
During the last days of his reign, his three sons, Adam Khan, Haji Khan and Bahram Khan rebelled against him but he took energetic measures to crush them. He was succeeded by his son Haji Khan, who took the title of Haidar Khan.Eventually, he was allowed to return to Medinawhere he led a secluded life with a few intimate companions.
Imam Sajjad's life and statements were entirely devoted to asceticism and religious teachings, mostly in the form of invocations and supplications. His famous supplications are known as Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya.
It is said that Ali ibn al-Husayn was related through his mother Shahrbanuthe daughter of Yazdegerdto the last Sassanian King of Persia.
Umar agreed; she chose Ali's son Husayn. She is said to have died shortly after giving birth to her only son Ali. And also to king David through Shushandukht mother of Bahram V. Zayn al-Abidin accompanied his father on a march toward Kufa ; he was present at the Battle of Karbala but survived the battle because he was ill. Once the Umayyad troops had martyred Husayn and his male followers, they looted the tents and took the skin upon which he was laying.
It is said that Shemr was about to kill Zayn al-Abidin but his aunt Zaynab made Umar ibn Sa'adthe Umayyad commander, spare his life. During the journey, he delivered speeches in Kufa and Damascusand informed the people of his father's intentions. Several accounts record Zayn al-Abidin's deep sorrow over the massacre. It is said that for thirty-four years, he would weep when food was placed before him. Is it not time for your sorrow to come to an end? Jacob the prophet had twelve sons, and Allah made one of them disappear".
His eyes turned white from constant weeping, his head turned grey out of sorrow, and his back became bent in the gloom Quran,though his son was alive in this world. But I watched while my father, my brother, my uncle, and seventeen members of my family were slaughtered all around me. How should my sorrow come to an end? Kufa 's people invited Husayn to go to Kufa and be their Imam, but they did not back him and his family against Kufa's governor, who massacred them in Karbala.
Thus they thought themselves responsible for the tragedy of Karbala and tried to compensate for it by throwing themselves into the struggle to obtain vengeance for Husayn's blood.
They chose Sulayman b. Surad al Khuza'I as their leader and called themselves Tawwabun penitents. They were seeking an opportunity for action, until Mukhtar al-Thaqafi came to Kufa and claimed to represent Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah.
Umar ibn Sa'ad and Shemr were executed and their heads were sent to Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah. The governor of Medina did not consider that Zayn al-Abedin was responsible for Mukhtar's action, since he had already left Medina for its outskirts to avoid being involved in political movements. Moreover, there is evidence that he was unmolested and excepted from giving allegiance to Yazid, after the Battle of Harra, where Medinans were sacked and looted by Yazid's army. Around that time, the question of the right of succession between Ali ibn al-Husayn and Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah gained the most attention.
Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah was a pious, brave man whom many considered him as their Imam. Other Shia sects said Zayn al-Abedin had the right to inherit the Imamahfor his father Husayn had designated him the next Imam. Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah said he was more worthy He did not actually mean it he just wanted to prove to other people that Zayn al-Abidin was their real imam. After the death of Ibn Zubayr, the governor of Medina, Zayn al-Abedin and Muhammad ibn Hanafiyyah agreed to go to Mecca and appeal to the Black Stone of the Kaaba to try to determine which one of them was the true successor.
They went to the Kaabawhere the Black Stone was placed.Scope of evaluation in education slideshare
Muhammad prayed for a sign but no answer came. Afterwards, Zayn al-Abedin prayed and the Black Stone became agitated and nearly fell off the wall; thus came the answer that Zayn-al-Abidin was the true Imam after Husayn, an answer which Muhammad had already known and accepted and he showed to other people. Ali ibn al-Husayn was respected by his followers, who considered him as the fourth imam, and by the circle of Medinan scholars who considered him as an eminent traditionist.
The lawyer Said ibn al-Musayyib and the jurist and traditionist Al-Zuhri —though attached to the court of the Umayyad—were among his admirers.
Al-Zuhri gave him the honorific Zayn al-Abedin—the ornament of worshipers—and narrated many Hadiths from him.Today is 25th of Muharram AH.Cisco account manager reddit
His titles Zaynul-'Abideen adornment of worshippers and Sayyidus-Sajideen chief of those who prostrate indicate that he was a great worshipper. I would like to take this opportunity to talk about the great 'ibaadah worship of our fourth Imam and reflect upon possible reasons why some of us do not find the taste and pleasure in worshipping the Almighty.
Why don't we enjoy performing salaat both obligatory and recommended prayersdoing Du'as supplicating and invoking the Almightyand the tilawah reading from the Holy Qur'an the way the Holy Prophet s and Imams a used to? He saw that Imam as-Sajjad had reached an unprecedented state of 'ibadah. Some time passed before the Imam realized that his son has come. Upon seeing him, Imam as-Sajjad asked for the parchments which describe the great 'ibadah of Imam 'Ali bin Abi Talib a.
Abi Talib, 'alayhis-salaam? Shaykh al-Toosee writes that once Abu Hamzah al-Thumaalee saw Imam 'Ali ibn al-Husayn saying his prayers and his cloak slipped from his shoulders. The Imam did not arrange it. After the prayers Abu Hamzah asked him about it.
The Imam responded: Woe to you, don't you know before whom I stood Wayhaka, atadaree bayna yaday man kuntu?
The fourth Imam had a large farm of date trees. He offered two raka'at payers besides each date tree. His daily practice of salaat. The wind would sway his body forward like an ear of corn. His style of entreating the Almighty is well known to all of us who have had a chance of reading from his famous du'as found in Al-Sahefaat Al-Sajjadiyyah.
I invite you all to study, or just have a brief look at, the Du'a Abu Hmazah al-Thumalee found in almost all books which cover the A'maal of Holy Ramadhan. When I say our 'ibadaat I do not mean that each and every one of you offer such salaat. I mean some unfortunate people, this humble and abject servant of the Ahlul-bayt being no exception, who consider various types of worships a burden and sometimes even a waste of time and energy. Our life style, it is claimed, is busier and more demanding than that of our parents and grand parents.
We have more to do and lot to worry about comapred to our forefathers. Those of us who live in big cities, for instance, spend long hours commuting to work, Islamic centers and carrying out domestic chores.
Another example, society and extended family system no longer take care of our children in helping them to follow Islam and have good morals. We have to spend a lot of efforts and time in both educating ta'leem and upbringing tarbiyah of children.
Result of this: we sometimes believe that we must shorten our 'ibadah to bare minimum. Any Imam of Jam'ah or an 'Alim who lenghtens prayer and other rituals is considered out of fashion. Imam al-Sajjad used to say a lot of mustahab supererogatory prayers. The Imam also had to look after his family members 15 childrenthe poor and destitute, also his business e. It is said that he used to purchase hundreds of slaves whom he used feed, clothe, house and train them and then free them.
All this required wealth.
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